日语里除了有很多ABAB形式的拟声/拟态词外(@see どきどき ふわふわ きらきら),◯っと形式的也不少。这里熟悉的词似乎比ABAB形式里的多,也许是因为这类词比ABAB形式的少的多= =b。很多拟态词似乎都常和する连用构成「◯っとして」。由于/.っと/形式的相比之下少得多,于是可以全部列出来。不过这里没有包括/.{2,}っと/形式的单词,比如ぼーっと/ぼうっと/ぼおっと(doing nothing; being stupefied; faintly; vaguely; in flames; flushingly; abstractedly; dazedly; blankly; dimly; hazily; dreamily; indistinctly)和ぼけっと(being stupified; doing nothing)等。 不知道有没有可能把下面的单词都记下来。

◯っと English
あっと adv (on-mim) in a surprising way
えっと int let me see; well; errr …
おっと int uh-oh; oops; sorry
かっと adv,n,vs (on-mim) flare up; flying into a rage
きゅっと adv (on-mim) tightly; squeaking
ぎゅっと adv (on-mim) hard; tight(ly)
ぎょっと adv,n,vs (on-mim) being startled
ぐっと adv (on-mim) firmly; fast; much; more
ざっと adv (on-mim) roughly; in round numbers
じっと adv,n,vs (1) (on-mim) motionlessly; (2) fixedly (e.g. of staring); (3) patiently; (4) firmly (e.g. hold); restrained
すっと adv,n,vs (on-mim) straight; quickly; directly; all of a sudden; quietly; gently; softly
ずっと adv (1) continuously in some state (for a long time, distance); throughout; all along; the whole time; all the way; (2) much (better, etc.); by far; far and away; (3) far away; long ago; (4) direct; straight
そっと adv,vs (on-mim) softly; gently; quietly; secretly
ぞっと adv,n,vs (on-mim) shiver
ちゅっと adv,vs (col) kissing
どっと adv (on-mim) suddenly
ぬっと adv (on-mim) suddenly; abruptly
のっと adv (on-mim) suddenly; abruptly
はっと adv,n,vs (on-mim) taken aback
ばっと adv (on-mim) suddenly; in a flash; rapidly; nimbly; alertly
ぱっと adv,vs (on-mim) suddenly; in a flash; rapidly; nimbly; alertly
ひょっと adv,n (on-mim) possibly; accidentally
ふっと adv (1) (on-mim) with a whiff; with a puff; (2) suddenly; abruptly; without warning
ぷっと adv (1) puffing motion (when blowing, spitting, etc.); (2) pouting (with displeasure)
ほっと adv,n,vs (on-mim) feeling relieved; (sigh of) relief
むっと adv,n,vs,adv-to (on-mim) sullen; morose; offended
もっと adv (on-mim) (some) more; even more; longer; further
やっと adv (on-mim) at last; at length
わっと adv (on-mim) suddenly and in a loud voice (e.g. sobbing)
5 Responses to “日语真难:えっと、ひょっとして……”
  1. Navi says:

    这些词还是放在句子里面比较有生命力… 单列出来一个一个解释真不hx..
    话说Rikaichan里面经常看到的adj-to是什么东西… 为啥从来没看到有地方讲过这类词…

    • watashi says:

      我错了,555
      ms只看到adj-na, adj-no, adv-to

      • Navi says:

        じゃ もしかして adv-toというものかい はっきり覚えてないから
        いろいろ会ったんだけど 未だどこもその分類が見たことないの
        もしかして形容詞の変化でもなく 形容動詞の変化でもなく 正真正銘の副詞かな

        • watashi says:

          adj-i adjective (keiyoushi)
          adj-na adjectival nouns or quasi-adjectives (keiyodoshi)
          adj-no nouns which may take the genitive case particle ‘no’
          adj-pn pre-noun adjectival (rentaishi)
          adj-t ‘taru’ adjective
          adj-f noun or verb acting prenominally (other than the above)

          adv adverb (fukushi)
          adv-n adverbial noun
          adv-to adverb taking the `to’ particle

          わたしなら、全然わからん

  2.  
Leave a Reply